CRIMINOLOGY is a social science dealing with the nature, extent and causes of crimes, the characteristics of criminals and their organizations, the problems of apprehending and convicting law violators, and the management of jail facilities and correctional institutions. It is the scientific study of the non-legal aspects of crime, including juvenile delinquency. In a wider sense it embraces Penology, it is primarily the study of the causation, correction and prevention of crimes, seen from the viewpoint of such diverse disciplines as anthropology, biology, etiology, ethics, psychology, statistics and sociology. It also includes the study of crime detection, involving such instrumentation as Police Photography, Forensic Medicine, Forensic Chemistry, Dactyloscopy, Polygraphy, Questioned Documents and the likes. The science of criminology has two basic goals, to determine the cause of criminal behavior whether social or personal, and to develop and evolve valid principles for the control and prevention of crimes.
Ricardo M. Guevara
Number of Pages: